•  General classification of Varities: colors
        Name Illutstration Pictures Description
•  Koi (3) Has non-native colors
•  Kohaku (1) A crystal white colored koi with red (hi) spots on its body.
•  Kuchibeni Kohaku (0) A kohaku with red (hi) and a red (hi) spot on its lips, like it is wearing lipstick.
•  Ippon-Hi Kohaku (0) An Ippon-Kohaku is a Kohaku of which the red spots form one continous pattern from head to tail.
•  Nidan Kohaku (0) A kohaku with two red (hi) spots.
•  Sandan Kohaku (0) A kohaku with three red (hi) spots.
•  Inazuma Kohaku (0) The red has the shape of a thunderbolt
•  Yondan Kohaku (0) A kohaku with four red (hi) spots.
•  Maruten Kohaku (0) A kohaku with a red (hi) spot on the head and undefined red (hi) patterns elsewhere on the body.
•  Menkaburi Kohaku (0) A kohaku with an entire red (hi) head and undefined red (hi) patterns elsewhere on the body.
•  Tancho Kohaku (1) This is probably the most famous koi of all; it is a mere crystal white koi with on top of its head a red dot that does not go beyond its eyes, and is ideally perfectly round. This pattern symbolizes of course the Japanese flag as is the case with the rare threatened Japanese crane. Tacho is not restricted to Kohaku as there are also tancho variants of at least Sanke, Showa, Shusui, Kujaku, Goshiki and Asagi.
•  Taisho Sanke (2) 'A white koi with a red pattern and black spots. Don''t confuse it with Showa.'
•  Taisho Sanshoku (0) A white koi with red and black patterns. The black may not fall below the laternal line. No black may be present on the head. The red patterns are often larger than the black spots.
•  Nidan Taisho Sanshoku (0)
•  Tsubo Sumi Taisho Sanshoku (0)
•  Tancho Sanshoku (1)
•  Showa (1) Black colored koi with white and red patterns. The black has to reach below the laternal line. The pectoral fins have black spots like oil slicks at the juncture with the body. Also the head contains black.
•  Hi Showa (0)
•  Kindai Showa (0)
•  Tancho Showa (0)
•  Utsurimono (1) Utsurimono is a koi category of two color koi with black as base color. Like Showa it is important their forefins have a black starting point and the remainder is colored differently. Various colors are found in Utsurimono: yellow, white, red and orange.
•  Shiro Utsuri (0)
•  Hi Utsuri (0)
•  Ki Utsuri (0)
•  Hikarimuji (0) This is a category of koi with a metallic body that lack markings or spots.
•  Yamabuki Ogon (1) The Yamabuki Ogon a single colored yellow koi with a metallic glance (Ogon). The Yamabuki Ogon has Fukurin, meaning the scales are not overlapping and due to their metallic color showing a pattern of relief.
•  Orenji Ogon (0) The Orenji Ogon a single colored orange koi with a metallic glance (Ogon). The Orenj Ogon has Fukurin, meaning the scales are not overlapping and due to their metallic color showing a pattern of relief.
•  Cream Ogon (0) The Cream ogon is a single colored soft yellowish koi with a metallic glance (Ogon). The Cream Ogon has Fukurin, meaning the scales are not overlapping and due to their metallic color showing a pattern of relief.
•  Platinum Ogon (1) The Platinum Ogon (Purachina) is a white and silver colored koi with a metallic glance (Ogon). The Platinum Ogon has Fukurin, meaning the scales are not overlapping and due to their metallic color showing a pattern of relief. It is important that, like with Soragoi, the color of the head is in line with the color of the body and does not color yellow(ish). Because of the sterile and crystal clear white color it is used as bases for hariwake and kujaku for example.
•  Mizuho Ogon (1) The Mizuho ogon is a metalic orange colored koi with mirror scales (Doitsu). These scales at the upper side of the body are black, a bit similar to Shusio. They should not be confused with Orenji ogon which does not have black scales on top. Mizuho ogon are quite hard to find.
•  Shiro Matsuba (2)
•  Kin Matsuba (0)
•  Orenji Matsuba (1)
•  Nezu Ogon (0)
•  Mukashi Ogon (0)
•  Hikarimoyo (0) This subgroup of varieties consists of the remaining metallic colored koi; those that are not single-colored without patterns. These are typically bred with a Platinum Ogon for the metallic skin color.
•  Hariwake (1) The Hariwake is a white metallic koi with yellow to orange yellowish spots. Typically Hariwake with a modest amount of yellow and a entirely white head are more appreciated. The doitsu variant of Hariwake is more commonly available. The Hariwake originates from crossing platinum ogin with Kigoi.
•  Kikusui (0)
•  Platinum Kohaku (0)
•  Kujaku (3) The Kujaku is a metallic and clear white koi with red spots that may be upon the headh. On top of the white and red is a net-pattern of black scales. Like certain other multi colored metallic koi, there are specimen of Kujaku that have a black pattern surroundong the eyes as if it wears glasses.
•  Yamato Nishiki (0)
•  Kinsui (0) The Kinsui is the metallic variant of the Shusui. They often do not have the typical Asagi/Shusui red pattern below the laternal line but have Gosanke like red spots instead. Also, the light blue colored glance on the back is often not as obvious and, like many metallic koi, they often have a black pattern around they eyes as if they wear glasses.
•  Kikokuryu (0) The Kikokuryu is a metallic white colored koi with a mirror scale pattern (Doitsu). It was originally breeded by crossing a Kumonryu with a Platinum Ogon. De Kikokuryu is thus a white koi with black. However, due because it is a metallic koi, the black is not necessarily imporinted as spots but often as darkgray blots that have a gradient in contrast. Although the original Kikokuryu is bicolored, there are more often three colored variants on the marker (in particular the variant with red: Beni Kikokuryu). The relatively young subspecies may be instable in colors which may be influenced by factors like the seasons, aging or water quality.
•  Ki Kikokuryu (1)
•  Beni Kikokuryu (1)
•  Asagi (4) A light blue or gray blue upper body with red color and on the side of the head and body, on the pactoral and sometimes the dorsal fin. The blue scales look separated by the white of the body, like a net.
•  Hi Asagi (0) The Hi Asagi is a variant of Asago of which the red is not a pattern below the laternal line but instead covers the entire body, while the net-pattern is similar to the classical Asagi. Do not confuse the Hi Asagi with the Hi Matsuba which does not have a net pattern but black scales over the entiry body.
•  Tancho Asagi (0)
•  Shusui (4) The Shusui is the Doitsu (mirror carp) variant of the Asagi. The back varies in color from whit do gray-blue typically becomes lighter the older they get. The Shusui has over its sideline a red pattern which needs to reach until the gill and has on top of its bach two lines of dark colored scales. Because of this combination is has a high contrast.
•  Hi Shusui (1)
•  Tancho Shusui (1) The Tancho Shusui is the classical shusui with a round red tancho spot between the eyes.
•  Ki Shusui (1)
•  Goshiki (0) A koi with five colors (white, red, black, lightblue and darkblue).
•  Kawarimono (0) The kawarimono are scaled, non-metallic, koi that can not be classified into other varieties.
•  Aka Matsuba (0)
•  Kage Sanshoku (0)
•  Kage Hi Utsuri (0)
•  Kage Shiro Utsuri (0)
•  Soragoi (1) A Soragoi is a one colored koi that like the Chagoi may reach an enormous size and is very gentle. In contrast to Chagoi its color is gray. A perfect Soragoi does not have sumi spots (black dots) and is evenly gray. The color of the head of Soragoi varies from yellow/brown to gray of which the latter is in continuation of the body. Among Soragoi ginrin (shiny scales) is popular and they can therefore stand out in the pond, in particular on bright days.
•  Chagoi (1) The color of the Chagoi is non-metalic light or saffron brown; 'cha' means brown. However, there is quite a difference in the color of Chagoig ranging from greenish brown upto reddisch brown and, in addition, young Chagoi may have a yellowish and more bright color than mature Chagoi. The koi is famous for its kindness, which often has a positive effect on the other koi in the pond as well. Also, Chagoi are very fast growing koi (specimens up to 110+cm exist). It is said that Chagoi become so large because they are genetically closer to wildtype carps.
•  Ochiba Shigure (0) The Ochiba Shigure (kortweg Ochiba) is a cross between the one colored Soragoi and Chagoi. Surprisingly, this does not result in a mixed color but in but in a two-colorred non-metallic koi with parts gray and parts brown.
•  Aka-muji (0)
•  Kumonryu (0) The Kumonryu is a doitsu, non-metallic, black and white colored koi which often keep changing its colors.
•  Hageshiro (0)
•  Beni Kumonryu (0)
•  Midorigoi (0) Midori means green and the Midorigoi is a green koi. It is difficult to breed and consequently a rather rare koi. The color of Midorigoi tend to go to yuellow, which makes a high quality Midorigoi even more special.
•  Kigoi (0) Ki means yellow and so the kigoi is a one colored non-metallic colored koi. Like the Karashigoi there are variants with albino-red eyes.
•  Enyu (0) The Enyu is undoubtedly the rarest koi world. This is doitsu koi has a purple color with red spots. One obtains this by crossing a Shusui and (an already very rare) Midorigoi. Of this rare parent combination used, only one Enyo is born each several years.
•  Karashigoi (1) The Karashigoi is a cross between the Chagoi and Kigoi. Therefore it is a gentle giant with a tea colored finish of its yellow that is not as deeply intense as a Kigoi. There are Karashigoi that have red eyes (iris), like albinism. Karashigoi are more often found with a linear mirror scale pattern (doitsu) than Chagoi.
•  Benigoi (0) The Benigoi is a red (beni) one colored koi, often reaching extreme postures.
•  Bekko (1) Bekko are non-metallic koi with a single colored body covered with black (sumi) spots. The Bekko can be confused with Utsuri which has instead a black body covered with colored spots.
•  Aka Bekko (0) The Aka Bekko is a red koi with black (Sumi) spots on the body, not on the head.
•  Ki Bekko (0) The Ki Bekko is a yellow (Ki) koi with black (Sumi) spots on the body, not on the head.
•  Shiro Bekko (0) The Shiro Bekko is a white koi with black (Sumi) spots on the body, not on the head.
•  Hikari Utsuri (0)
•  Kinhi Utsuri (0)
•  Ginshiro (0)
•  Utsuri (0)
•  Kin Showa (0)
•  Kinki Utsuri (0)
•  Koromo (0)
•  Ai-goromo (0)
•  Budo Koromo (0)
•  Sumi Koromo (0)
•  Koromo Showa (0)
•  Kijiro (0) The Kijiro is a very recent species of koi (2015-2016) and a white non-metallic koi with yellow spots. You could see it as the yellow equivalent of the Kohaku.
•  Wild-type (8) Has the olive-green wild-type color and a red or orange glance on the tail
•  Ghost carp (1) Is a hybrid between a koi and a wild-type carp; usually has a red or orange glance on the tail, bright skin color and a skull shaped pattern on the head


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